If you fail to make the payments due under a mortgage on your home, the lender (the "mortgagee") has the right to recoup the loan amount through exercising the powers contained in the mortgage contract. Usually this is done through the power to sell the property.
The mortgagee must, however, fulfil certain strict legal requirements, including serving you (the "mortgagor") with the proper notice. If these requirements aren't met then you may be able to apply to the court for a remedy.
Before taking action the mortgagee must serve you with a notice under section 92 of the PROPERTY LAW ACT 1952. This notice must adequately inform you of:
The date specified must be at least four weeks from the date on which the notice is given. But if the mortgage contract specifies a period for this that is longer than four weeks, the date specified in the notice cannot be earlier than the end of that longer period.
If you receive a notice from your mortgagee that does not comply with the legal requirements, you may be able to apply to the court for an injunction to prevent the sale going ahead. Further, if the mortgagee exercises the power of sale before the date specified in the notice, you may also be able to apply to the court for a remedy.
The mortgagee has a statutory duty to take reasonable care to obtain the best price reasonably obtainable as at the time of sale. If the mortgagee breaches this duty, you can apply to the court for a remedy.
To satisfy the duty the mortgagee must adequately market the property, which may involve advertising outside the local area, giving notice of the property's advantages (including the potential for any development), and setting a realistic reserve price based on the property's valuation.
The mortgagee can exercise the power of sale in one of three ways:
If the mortgagee chooses to exercise its power of sale through the High Court Registrar, it must apply to the Registrar and notify the Registrar of the name and address of the mortgagor and of any other mortgagee. The Registrar must be satisfied that the mortgagee is entitled to exercise its power of sale.
A mortgagee is entitled to buy the mortgaged property only if the sale is conducted through the Registrar.
There is a small degree of protection afforded to you, the mortgagor, through the "redemption price" â€“ this is the price at which you may redeem the land to be sold. At any time before the Registrar's sale you may pay the redemption price or the amount due and owing under the mortgage; the mortgagee must then release the mortgage.
The redemption price is set by the mortgagee, and must be specified in the mortgagee's application to the Registrar to conduct the sale. Any advertisement for the mortgagee sale must state that the redemption price is available at the Registrar's office and can be obtained before the auction.
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